On February 2016, the European Union launched an Online Dispute Resolution (‘ODR’) procedure for out-of-court resolution of disputes related to online sales and service contracts.
Since then, the number of complaints brought before ODR bodies has reached the peak of 24.387. Most common areas of dispute concern: clothing and footwear, airlines services, information and communication technology goods, mobile telephone services, hotels and other holiday accommodation.
The Italian Parliament approved the Budget Law for 2017 which provides important measures to attract investments from abroad.
The Budget Law provides for a) special “investment visas” lasting two years for foreign investors willing to invest in Italy and b) tax exemption for foreigners transferring their residence in Italy. As to letter a), the Budget Law expressly provides that the “investment visa” shall be granted to foreigners willing to make investments in Italy for at least Euro 2 million in government bonds, to be maintained for at least two years; or, alternatively, to make investments in equity instruments representing the share capital of an Italian company for Euro 1 million, to be maintained for two years; or, to make philanthropic giving for at least Euro 1 million.
The Italian Supreme Court (Cass. Civ. 28 December 2016 n. 27072) has established that parties to a buying agency agreement are free to choose the foum they deem appropriate, including foreign and arbitration fora, for the settlement of any dispute related to the agreement, without restriction.
The case before the Italian Supreme Court involved an Italian buying agent and a U.S. company.
According to the Italian Supreme Court, the buying agency agreement could not be defined as a veritable agency agreement in light of Italian law, as the obligations undertaken by the agent were different from the typical obligations provided for by an agency agreement (i.e. promoting the execution of sale agreements on behalf of the principal).
As a consequence, imperative principles and norms of EU and Italian law regulating commercial agency, which guarantee special protection to the agent (in particular, the choice of the agent’s domicile forum and the right of the agent to claim indemnity in case of termination of contract, see Directive 86/653/CEE and art. 1751 of the Italian Civil Code), do not come into play in the specific case.
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avv. Sondra Faccio
CODE OF WINE: THE ITALIAN PARLIAMENT APPROVES THE FINAL DRAFT FOR A UNIQUE PIECE OF LEGISLATION REGULATING THE WINE SECTOR
Today, the Italian Parliament has approved the “Code of Wine” (Testo unico sulla disciplina organica della coltivazione della vite e della produzione e del commercio del vino http://www.camera.it/_dati/leg17/lavori/stampati/pdf/17PDL0046720.pdf), which has the ambition of gathering in a unique piece of legislation all norms and regulations pertaining to wine production and trade.